Water is essential to the survival of both animals and humans, alike. It is unfortunate, however, that more and more of the world’s water supply is being depleted due to pollution. When bodies of water become polluted due to various reasons, the pollution changes the chemical, physical and biological conditions of the water making it unfit for fish to live in and for humans to consume. Following are some of the many ways that water can become polluted.
1. Chemical and industrial waste
2. Thermal pollution from power plants
3. Organic wastes
4. Inorganic wastes
6. Farm waste
8. Household garbage
9. Household sewage
10. Beauty products and cleaners
Only about 3% of the world’s bodies of water remain unharmed, and even those bodies of water are at extreme risk. There are ways that people can help preserve bodies of water, however. First of all, people should never throw garbage into lakes, rivers or streams. Things such as cleaning products and cooking oils must be disposed of in sealed containers and taken to trash bins or recycling centers depending on the various state laws. Biodegradable trash such as diapers, tampons and paper towels should always be properly disposed of in trash cans so that they do not end up in lakes or rivers.
People should use organic products for their gardens and lawns and control their water supply to avoid any runoff that may infect lakes or rivers with excess fertilizer. They should also follow all the laws of both their community and their state pertaining to pollution and water conservation, and they should report anyone they see violating these laws. They should turn off water when they are not using it, and wash cars only when needed. Some communities have even adopted an every other day lawn watering system. When everyone participates in water preservation and conservation, there will be more clean water to go around.